The Environment Protection Agency Executive Chairperson Hadijatou Jallow launches the Africa Adaptation Report 2013 in Warsaw on behalf of Africa. The report detailed the climate-change impact, adaptation challenges and costs for Africa.
She said,” This report has underscored the vulnerability of African countries to the adverse impact of climate change and the need for prompt and collective actions to adapt to these impacts. Therefore adaptation is a priority for Africa.”
Mrs. Jallow further stated that, “African countries contribute the least cause to these impact yet they are the hardest hit. These impacts threaten the economic development of African states”. She explained about the high cost of adaption in Africa. Mrs. Jallow expressed the commitment of African countries to meet adaptation goals and speak with one voice.
The launch formed the high point of UN climate talks – the 19th Conference of the Parties of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. The report indicates that Africa is already struggling to cope with the effects of climate change and the adaptation costs are so huge that hundreds of millions of people will be put at risk unless richer nations provide $200 billion of aid a year. The Africa’s Adaptation Gap report paints a grim picture of sea level rise, loss of agricultural production, spreading disease, floods and droughts beyond the power of Africa to deal with.
The report explored different aspects, ranging from physical changes and impacts, to adaptation measures, costs and, finally, funding.
|Mrs. Hadijatou Jallow launching the Gap report in Warsaw
The report says that even if world leaders were able to keep temperature rise below the danger level of 2°C beyond pre-industrial levels, the adaptation costs for the continent would still be $150 bn a year. If, as now expected by the scientific community, the temperature rise reaches 3.5°C by 2070, adaptation costs will have risen to $350 bn annually.
It says that already by 2020 adaptation will be costing $7 to $15 bn, and the cost will rise steeply since higher levels of warming will lead to higher impacts.Among the adaptation measures Africa urgently needs are early warning systems for floods, droughts and fires to help people prepare for extreme events.
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Newspaper in Freetown, Sierra Leone.